Bortezomib alleviates myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury via enhancing of Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway

Chengxing, Liu, Jin, Zhou, Boyuan, Wang, Yuqi, Zheng, Shangwei, Liu, Wenling, Yang, Dazhu, Li, Shaolin, He, Jibin, Lin

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications |

Bortezomib is a classical proteasome inhibitor and previous researches have reported its roles of anti-oxidation and anti-inflammatory functions in various diseases. However, the role of Bortezomib in myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) is unclear. Thus, our research seeks to reveal the protective effects of Bortezomib pretreatment in the mice model of MIRI. First, by the optimization of Bortezomib concentration and pretreatment timepoints, we found that 0.5 mg/kg Bortezomib pretreatment 2 h before MIRI significantly attenuated pathological damage and neutrophil infiltration. Then we found that pretreatment with Bortezomib obviously increased myocardial systolic function ((left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening (LVFS)) and decreased infarct size, as well as serum Troponin T levels. Meanwhile, Bortezomib pretreatment also remarkably augmented oxidative stress related protein levels of Superoxide dismutase [Cu–Zn] (SOD1), Catalase (CAT) and Glutathione (GSH), while reactive oxygen species (ROS) contents and Malonaldehyde (MDA) protein level were significantly reduced. Mechanistically, Bortezomib pretreatment significantly promoted nuclear translocation of transcriptional factor nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2) and Heme Oxygenase 1(HO-1) expression. Interestingly, co-treatment with ML-385, a new type and selective Nrf2 inhibitor, counteracted antioxidative effects induced by Bortezomib pretreatment. In conclusion, Bortezomib pretreatment mitigates MIRI by inhibiting oxidative damage which is regulated by Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway.