Xanthohumol attenuates isoprenaline-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis through regulating PTEN/AKT/mTOR pathway

Tao Li Sun, Wen Qun Li, Xiao Liang Tong, Xin Yi Liu, Wen Hu Zhou
European Journal of Pharmacology2021
Emerging evidence suggests the cardiovascular protective effects of Xanthohumol (Xn), a prenylated flavonoid isolated from the hops (Humulus lupulus L.). However, the cardioprotective effect of Xn remains unclear. Present study aimed to investigate the protective role of Xn against isoprenaline (ISO)-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis, and elucidate the underlying mechanism. The cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis model were established via subcutaneously administration of ISO. ISO reduced the left ventricular contractile function and elevated myocardial enzyme levels, suggesting cardiac dysfunction. Moreover, the increased cardiac myocyte area, heart weight/body weight (HW/BW) ratio and ANP/BNP expressions indicated the ISO-induced hypertrophy, while the excessive collagen-deposition and up-regulation of fibrosis marker protein (α-SMA, Collagen-I/III) expression indicated the ISO-induced fibrosis. The ISO-induced cardiac dysfunction, hypertrophy and fibrosis were significantly attenuated by oral administrated with Xn. PTEN/AKT/mTOR pathway has been reported to involve in pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis. We found that Xn administration up-regulated PTEN expression and inhibited the phosphorylation of AKT/mTOR in ISO-treated mice. Moreover, treating with VO-ohpic, a specific PTEN inhibitor, abolished the cardioprotective effect of Xn. Collectively, these results suggested that Xn attenuated ISO-induced cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis through regulating PTEN/AKT/mTOR pathway.
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