In vivo efficacy of the AKT inhibitor ARQ 092 in Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines-associated hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Jianxun Wang, Vasanth Chandrasekhar, Giovanni Abbadessa, Yi Yu, Brian Schwartz, Maria I Kontaridis
PLoS ONE2017
Noonan Syndrome with Multiple Lentigines (NSML, formerly LEOPARD syndrome) is an autosomal dominant "RASopathy" disorder manifesting in congenital heart disease. Most cases of NSML are caused by catalytically inactivating mutations in the protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP), non-receptor type 11 (PTPN11), encoding the SH2 domain-containing PTP-2 (SHP2) protein. We previously generated knock-in mice harboring the PTPN11 mutation Y279C, one of the most common NSML alleles; these now-termed SHP2 Y279C/+ mice recapitulate the human disorder and develop hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) by 12 weeks of age. Functionally, heart and/or cardiomyocyte lysates from SHP2 Y279C/+ mice exhibit increased basal and agonist-induced AKT and mTOR activities. Here, we sought to determine whether we could reverse the hypertrophy in SHP2 Y279C/+ mice using ARQ 092, an oral and selective allosteric AKT inhibitor currently in clinical trials for patients with PI3K/ AKT-driven tumors or Proteus syndrome. We obtained echocardiographs of SHP2 Y279C/+ and wildtype (SHP2 +/+) littermates, either in the presence or absence of ARQ 092 at 12, 14, and 16 weeks of age. While SHP2 Y279C/+ mice developed significant left ventricular hyper-trophy by 12 weeks, as indicated by decreased chamber dimension and increased posterior wall thickness, treatment of SHP2 Y279C/+ mice with ARQ 092 normalized the hypertrophy in as early as 2 weeks following treatment, with hearts comparable in size to those in wildtype (SHP2 +/+) mice. In addition, we observed an increase in fractional shortening (FS%) in SHP2 Y279C/+ mice, an effect of increased compensatory hypertrophy, which was not appar-ent in SHP2 Y279C/+ mice treated with ARQ 092, suggesting functional improvement of HCM upon treatment with the AKT inhibitor. Finally, we found that ARQ 092 specifically inhibited AKT activity, as well as its downstream effectors, PRAS and S6RP in NSML mice. Taken together, these data suggest ARQ 092 may be a promising novel therapy for treatment of hypertrophy in NSML patients.
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