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Variation within variation: Comparison of 24-h rhythm in rodent infarct size between ischemia reperfusion and permanent ligation

Bastiaan Du Pré, Toon Van Veen, Sandra Crnko, Marc Vos, Janine Deddens, Pieter Doevendans, Linda Van Laake
International Journal of Molecular Sciences2017
The detrimental effects of myocardial infarction in humans and rodents have a 24-h rhythm. In some human cohorts however, rhythmicity was absent, while the time of maximum damage differs between cohorts. We hypothesized that the type of damage influences the 24-h rhythm in infarct size. Myocardial infarction was induced in 12-week-old C57BL/six mice at four different time-points during the day using either permanent ligation (PL) or 30-min of ischemia followed by reperfusion (IR), with a control group wherein no ligation was applied. Infarct size was measured by echocardiography and histology at a 1-month follow-up. Rhythmicity in infarct size was present in the PL group at the functional and histological level, with maximal damage occurring when the infarct was induced at noon. In the IR group, no circadian rhythm was found. The time of the coronary artery ligation determines the outcome of myocardial infarction. Our data showed that in rodents, the presence of circadian rhythmicity and time of peak infarct size varies between experimental setups.
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