Ultra high frequency ultrasonography to distinguish ganglionic from aganglionic bowel wall in Hirschsprung disease: A first report

Christina Granéli, Tobias Erlöv, Rodrigo Munoz Mitev, Ioanna Kasselaki, Kristine Hagelsteen, David Gisselsson, Tomas Jansson, Magnus Cinthio, Pernilla Stenström
Journal of Pediatric Surgery2021
Background/Purpose: In Hirschsprung disease (HD) surgery, confirming ganglionic bowel is essential. A faster diagnostic method than the current frozen biopsy is desirable. This study investigated whether aganglionic and ganglionic intestinal wall can be distinguished from each other by ultra high frequency ultrasound (UHF ultrasound). Methods: In an HD center during 2019, intestinal walls of recto-sigmoid specimens from HD patients were examined ex vivo with a 70 MHz UHF ultrasound transducer. Data from four sites were described. Histopathologic analysis was compared to the ultrasonography outcome at each site. Each patient’s spec- imen served as its own control. Results: 11 resected recto-sigmoid specimens (median 20 cm long [range 6.5–33]) with transition zones of 5 cm (2–11 cm) were taken from children aged 22 days (13–48) weighing 3668 g (3500–5508); 44 key sites were analyzed. There was full concordance for 42/44 (95%) key sites and 10 of 11 (91%) specimens. The specimen with discordance of two key sites contained a segment of aganglionosis (3 cm) and a transition zone (1 cm): the site discordance was limited to the transition zone ends. Conclusions: This first report on UHF ultrasound in recto-sigmoid HD shows promising results in identi- fying aganglionosis, transition zones and ganglionic bowel. Further in vivo studies are required.
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