Preclinical
Clinical

Torcetrapib produces endothelial dysfunction independent of cholesteryl ester transfer protein inhibition.

Margery a Connelly, Tom J Parry, Edward C Giardino, Zhihong Huang, Wai-Man Cheung, Cailin Chen, Frank Cools, Henk Van der Linde, David J Gallacher, Gee-Hong Kuo, Troy C Sarich, Keith T Demarest, Bruce P Damiano
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology2010
OBJECTIVE: Torcetrapib, a prototype cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitor with potential for decreasing atherosclerotic disease, increased cardiovascular events in clinical trials. The identified hypertensive and aldosterone-elevating actions of torcetrapib may not fully account for this elevated cardiovascular risk. Therefore, we evaluated the effects of torcetrapib on endothelial mediated vasodilation in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS: In vivo endothelial mediated vasodilation was assessed using ultrasound imaging of acetylcholine-induced changes in rabbit central ear artery diameter. Torcetrapib, in addition to producing hypertension and baseline vasoconstriction, markedly inhibited acetylcholine-induced vasodilation. A structurally distinct CETP inhibitor, JNJ-28545595, did not affect endothelial function despite producing similar degrees of CETP inhibition and high-density lipoprotein elevation. Nitroprusside normalized torcetrapib's basal vasoconstriction and elicited dose-dependent vasodilation of norepinephrine preconstricted arteries in torcetrapib-treated animals, indicating torcetrapib did not impair smooth muscle function. CONCLUSIONS: Torcetrapib significantly impairs endothelial function in vivo, independent of CETP inhibition and high-density lipoprotein elevation. Given the well-documented association of endothelial dysfunction with cardiovascular disease and risk, this activity of torcetrapib may have contributed to increased cardiovascular risk in clinical trials.
Share

Want to see more papers in your research area? 

Get a customized bibliography.

Request Now

Publication Right Sidebar