Subcutaneous Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma mice model for studying cancer-induced cardiomyopathy
Sneha Mishra, Ankit Kumar Tamta, Mohsen Sarikhani, Perumal Arumugam Desingu, Shruti M. Kizkekra, Anwit Shriniwas Pandit, Shweta Kumar, Danish Khan, Sathees C. Raghavan, Nagalingam R. SundaresanScientific Reports2018
Cardiomyopathy is one of the characteristic features of cancer. In this study, we establish a suitable model to study breast cancer-induced cardiomyopathy in mice. We used Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma cells to induce subcutaneous tumor in 129/SvJ mice and studied its effect on heart function. In Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma bearing mice, we found significant reduction in left ventricle wall thickness, ejection fraction, and fractional shortening increase in left ventricle internal diameter. We found higher muscle atrophy, degeneration, fibrosis, expression of cell-adhesion molecules and cell death in tumor-bearing mice hearts. As observed in cancer patients, we found that mTOR, a key signalling molecule responsible for maintaining cell growth and autophagy was suppressed in this model. Tumor bearing mice hearts show increased expression and nuclear localization of TFEB and FoxO3a transcription factors, which are involved in the upregulation of muscle atrophy genes, lysosomal biogenesis genes and autophagy genes. We propose that Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma induced tumor can be used as a model to identify potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of heart failure in patients suffering from cancer-induced cardiomyopathy. This model can also be used to test the adverse consequences of cancer chemotherapy in heart.