Schisandra chinensis polysaccharides prevent cardiac hypertrophy by dissociating thioredoxin-interacting protein/thioredoxin-1 complex and inhibiting oxidative stress

Xiaowen Shi, Bingjiang Han, Bin Zhang, Zhenliang Chu, Xueping Zhang, Qin Lu, Jibo Han
Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy2021
Cardiac hypertrophy is a current, major, global health challenge. Oxidative stress is an important mechanism that contributes to the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy. Schisandra chinensis polysaccharides (SCP), the primary active constituent in Schisandra chinensis, have antioxidative properties. Here, we investigated the role played by SCP in a cardiac hypertrophy model mouse induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC). We found that SCP treatment improved cardiac function by inhibiting myocardial hypertrophy and oxidative stress. Angiotensin II was used to induce cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and oxidative stress in vitro. We discovered that the antioxidant effects of SCP were mediated through the regulation of the thioredoxin-interacting protein (TXNIP)/Thioredoxin-1 (Trx-1) pathway. Using molecular docking, we found that SCP binds to Arg207, Ser169, Lys166, Lys286 and Ser285 in TXNIP through hydrogen bonds. TXNIP is an endogenous inhibitor of Trx-1, and the binding SCP with TXNIP may restrict or interfere with the binding between TXNIP and Trx-1, resulting in Trx-1 activation. In conclusion, our findings demonstrated that the potential use of SCP as a TXNIP inhibitor to attenuate oxidative stress, suggesting that TXNIP might represent a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiac hypertrophy.
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