A Protocol for Evaluating Vital Signs and Maternal-Fetal Parameters Using High-Resolution Ultrasound in Pregnant Mice
Jose Galaz, Roberto Romero, Marcia Arenas-Hernandez, Bogdan Panaitescu, Valeria Garcia-Flores, Nardhy Gomez-LopezSTAR Protocols2021
Pregnancy is a unique physiological state in which two individuals coexist: the mother and the fetus. Disruption of maternal-fetal crosstalk leads to pregnancy and neonatal pathologies. Therefore, assessing maternal-fetal well-being is essential for understanding the physiological and pathological processes occur- ring during pregnancy. Herein, we provide a protocol that allows for the determi- nation of body temperature, blood pressure, and the evaluation of uterine and umbilical arteries as well as maternal and fetal heart rate using high-resolution ul- trasound in pregnant mice.