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Polypyrrole-coated phase-change liquid perfluorocarbon nanoparticles for the visualized photothermal-chemotherapy of breast cancer

Qiang Yang, Pan Li, Haitao Ran, Jingyuan Wan, Huan Chen, Huali Chen, Zhigang Wang, Liangke Zhang
Acta Biomaterialia2019
A theranostic nanoplatform (DTX/PFH@PPy-FA) for multi-modal imaging-guided photothermal- chemotherapy has been constructed. Lipid-perfluorohexane (PFH) nanodroplet loaded with docetaxel (DTX) was coated with a polypyrrole (PPy) shell. Then the folic acid (FA) molecule with active tumor- targeting function was modified on the surface of PPy shell. Due to the good photothermal conversion performance, PPy shell can raise the temperature under the near infrared laser irradiation, which not only produces photothermal effect to kill tumor cells, but also promotes liquid-gas phase change of PFH, and produces ultrasound imaging effect. The results of photothermal experiment and imaging experiment confirmed that the obtained DTX/PFH@PPy-FA possessed good photothermal, photoacoustic imaging and ultrasound imaging effects in vitro and in vivo. The results of in vitro cell experiments showed that DTX/PFH@PPy-FA had a active targeting ability to tumor cells, and its photothermal-chemotherapy syn- ergistically inhibited the proliferation of tumor cells. In vivo study on 4T1-bearing BALB/c mice indicated that the photothermal-chemotherapy of DTX/PFH@PPy-FA not only effectively inhibited the growth of 4T1 breast cancer, but also inhibited lung metastasis. This multifunctional nanoparticle is expected to become a new nanoplatform for the visualized photothermal-chemotherapy of cancer.
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