Optimal range of injection rates for a lymphatic drug delivery system
Honoka Fujii, Sachiko Horie, Kazu Takeda, Shiro Mori, Tetsuya KodamaJournal of Biophotonics2018
The lymphatic drug delivery system (LDDS) is a new technique that permits the injection of drugs into a sentinel lymph node (SLN) at an early stage of tumor metastasis, thereby treating metastasis in the SLN and its secondary lymph nodes (LNs). The quantity of drug required for a LDDS is much smaller than that needed for systemic chemotherapy. However, the relation- ship between the rate of drug injection into a SLN and the amount of drug reaching the secondary LNs has not been investigated. In this study, we used an MXH10/ Mo-lpr/lpr mouse model to show that the optimal rate for the injection of a fluores- cent dye by a LDDS was 10 to 80 μL/min. An injection rate of 10 to 80 μL/min was able to fill the downstream LN. However, an injection rate of 100 μL/min drove the fluorescent dye into the efferent lymphatic vessels and thoracoepigastric vein, decreasing the amount of dye retained in the downstream LN. Bolus injection (defined as an injection rate of 2400 μL/min) was unable to deliver fluorescent dye into the downstream LN. These results agree with the impulse values calculated from the injection pressures in the upstream LN.We anticipate that our findings will facilitate the development of a LDDS for use in the clinic.