NF-kappaB activation is required for adaptive cardiac hypertrophy.

Laura Zelarayan, Anke Renger, Claudia Noack, Maria-Patapia Zafiriou, Christina Gehrke, Roel van der Nagel, Rainer Dietz, Leon de Windt, Martin W Bergmann
Cardiovascular research2009
AIMS: We have previously shown that cardiac-specific inhibition of NF-kappaB attenuates angiotensin II (AngII)-induced left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy in vivo. We now tested whether NF-kappaB inhibition is able to block LV remodelling upon chronic pressure overload and chronic AngII stimulation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiac-restricted NF-kappaB inhibition was achieved by expression of a stabilized IkappaBalpha mutant (IkappaBalphaDeltaN) in cells with an active alpha-myosin heavy chain (alphaMHC) promoter employing the Cre/lox technique. Upon low-gradient trans-aortic constriction (TAC, gradient 21 +/- 3 mmHg), hypertrophy was induced in both male and female control mice after 4 weeks. At this time, LV hypertrophy was blocked in transgenic (TG) male but not female mice with NF-kappaB inhibition. Amelioration of LV hypertrophy was associated with activation of NF-kappaB by dihydrotestosterone in isolated neonatal cardiomyocytes. LV remodelling was not attenuated by NF-kappaB inhibition after 8 weeks TAC, demonstrated by decreased fractional shortening (FS) in both control and TG mice irrespective of gender. Similar results were obtained when TAC was performed with higher gradients (48 +/- 4 mmHg). In TG mice, FS dropped to similar low levels over the same time course [FS sham, 29 +/- 1% (mean +/- SEM); FS control + 14 days TAC, 13 +/- 3%; FS TG + 14 days TAC, 9 +/- 5%]. Similarly, LV remodelling was accelerated by NF-kappaB inhibition in an AngII-dependent genetic heart failure model (AT1-R(alphaMHC)) associated with significantly increased cardiac fibrosis in double AT1-R(alphaMHC)/TG mice. CONCLUSION: NF-kappaB inhibition attenuates cardiac hypertrophy in a gender-specific manner but does not alter the course of stress-induced LV remodelling, indicating NF-kappaB to be required for adaptive cardiac hypertrophy.
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