Mst1 knockdown alleviates cardiac lipotoxicity and inhibits the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy in db/db mice

Zhenyu Xiong, Yueyang Li, Zhengqing Zhao, Yan Zhang, Wanrong Man, Jie Lin, Yuan Dong, Liyuan Liu, Bo Wang, Huan Wang, Baolin Guo, Congye Li, Fei Li, Haichang Wang, Dongdong Sun
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Molecular Basis of Disease2020
Diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) accounts for increasing deaths of diabetic patients, and effective therapeutic targets are urgently needed. Myocardial lipotoxicity, which is caused by cardiac non-oxidative metabolic fatty acids and cardiotoxic fatty acid metabolites accumulation, has gained more attention to explain the increasing prevalence of DCM. However, whether mammalian Ste20-like kinase 1 (Mst1) plays a role in lipotoxicity in type 2 diabetes-induced cardiomyopathy has not yet been illustrated. Here, we found that Mst1 expression was elevated transcriptionally in the hearts of type 2 diabetes mellitus mice and palmitic acid-treated neonatal rat ventricular myocytes. Adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9)-mediated Mst1 silencing in db/db mouse hearts sig- nificantly alleviated cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis. Notably, Mst1 knockdown in db/db mouse hearts de- creased lipotoxic apoptosis and inflammatory response. Mst1 knockdown exerted protective effects through inactivation of MAPK/ERK kinase kinase 1 (MEKK1)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) signaling pathway. Moreover, lipotoxicity induced Mst1 expression through promoting the binding of forkhead box O3 (FoxO3) and Mst1 promoter. Conclusively, we elucidated for the first time that Mst1 expression is regulated by FOXO3 under lipotoxicity stimulation and downregulation of Mst1 protects db/db mice from lipotoxic cardiac injury through MEKK1/JNK signaling inhibition, indicating that Mst1 abrogation may be a potential treatment strategy for DCM in type 2 diabetic patients.
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