Mitochondrial P2X7 receptor localization modulates energy metabolism enhancing physical performance
Alba Clara Sarti, Valentina Vultaggio-Poma, Simonetta Falzoni, Sonia Missiroli, Anna Lisa Giuliani, Paola Boldrini, Massimo Bonora, Francesco Faita, Nicole Di Lascio, Claudia Kusmic, Anna Solini, Salvatore Novello, Michele Morari, Marco Rossato, Mariusz R Wieckowski, Carlotta Giorgi, Paolo Pinton, Francesco Di VirgilioFunction2021
Basal expression of the P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) improves mitochondrial metabolism, ATP synthesis and overall fitness of immune and non-immune cells. We investigated P2X7R contribution to energy metabolism and subcellular localization in fibroblasts (mouse embryo fibroblasts and HEK293 human fibroblasts), mouse microglia (primary brain microglia and the N13 microglia cell line), and heart tissue. The P2X7R localizes to mitochondria, and its lack a) decreases basal respiratory rate, ATP-coupled respiration, maximal uncoupled respiration, resting mitochondrial potential, mitochondrial matrix Ca2+ level, b) modifies expression pattern of oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos) enzymes, and c) severely affects cardiac performance. Hearts from P2rx7-deleted versus WT mice are larger, heart mitochondria smaller, and stroke volume (SV), ejection fraction (EF), fractional shortening (FS) and cardiac output (CO), are significantly decreased. Accordingly, physical fitness of P2X7R-null mice is severely reduced. Thus, the P2X7R is a key modulator of mitochondrial energy metabolism and a determinant of physical fitness.