MIAT Is a Pro-fibrotic Long Non-coding RNA Governing Cardiac Fibrosis in Post-infarct Myocardium

Xuefeng Qu, Yue Du, You Shu, Ming Gao, Fei Sun, Shenjian Luo, Ti Yang, Linfeng Zhan, Yin Yuan, Wenfeng Chu, Zhenwei Pan, Zhiguo Wang, Baofeng Yang, Yanjie Lu
Scientific Reports2017
A long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), named myocardial infarction associated transcript (MIAT), has been documented to confer risk of myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of this study is to elucidate the pathophysiological role of MIAT in regulation of cardiac fibrosis. In a mouse model of MI, we found that MIAT was remarkably up-regulated, which was accompanied by cardiac interstitial fibrosis. MIAT up- regulation in MI was accompanied by deregulation of some fibrosis-related regulators: down-regulation of miR-24 and up-regulation of Furin and TGF-β1. Most notably, knockdown of endogenous MIAT by its siRNA reduced cardiac fibrosis and improved cardiac function and restored the deregulated expression of the fibrosis-related regulators. In cardiac fibroblasts treated with serum or angiotensin II, similar up-regulation of MIAT and down-regulation of miR-24 were consistently observed. These changes promoted fibroblasts proliferation and collagen accumulation, whereas knockdown of MIAT by siRNA or overexpression of miR-24 with its mimic abrogated the fibrogenesis. Our study therefore has identified MIAT as the first pro-fibrotic lncRNA in heart and unraveled the role of MIAT in the pathogenesis of MI. These findings also promise that normalization of MIAT level may prove to be a therapeutic option for the treatment of MI-induced cardiac fibrosis and the associated cardiac dysfunction.
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