Janus γ-Fe2O3/SiO2-based nanotheranostics for dual-modal imaging and enhanced synergistic cancer starvation/chemodynamic therapy

Yifan Zhang, Yilin Wan, Yunyan Liao, Yanjie Hu, Tao Jiang, Ting He, Wei Bi, Jing Lin, Peng Gong, Longhua Tang, Peng Huang
Science Bulletin2020
Multimodal cancer synergistic therapy exhibited remarkable advantages over monotherapy in producing an improved therapeutic efficacy. In this work, Janus-type γ-Fe2O3/SiO2 nanoparticles (JFSNs) are conjugated with glucose oxidase (GOx) for synergistic cancer starvation/chemodynamic therapy. The γ-Fe2O3 hemisphere of JFSNs can perform photoacoustic/T2 magnetic resonance dual-modal imaging of tumors. GOx on the surface of JFSNs catalyzes the decomposition of glucose and produces H2O2 for cancer starvation therapy. Subsequently, the γ-Fe2O3 hemisphere catalyzes the disproportionation of H2O2 to generate highly reactive hydroxyl radicals in an acidic tumor microenvironment. The close distance between GOx and JFSNs ensures adequate contact between the γ-Fe2O3 hemisphere and its substrate H2O2, thus enhancing the catalytic efficiency. This synergy of glucose depletion, biotoxic H2O2 and hydroxyl radicals significantly suppresses 4T1 mammary tumor growth with minimal adverse effects.
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