Intravesical ATP instillation induces urinary frequency because of activation of bladder afferent nerves without inflammatory changes in mice: A promising model for overactive bladder
Norichika Ueda, Makoto Kondo, Kentaro Takezawa, Hiroshi Kiuchi, Yosuke Sekii, Yusuke Inagaki, Tetsuji Soda, Shinichiro Fukuhara, Kazutoshi Fujita, Motohide Uemura, Ryoichi Imamura, Yasushi Miyagawa, Norio Nonomura, Shoichi ShimadaBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications2018
ATP in the suburothelial layer is released from the bladder urothelium by mechanical stimuli. ATP directly activates purinergic receptors that are expressed on primary bladder afferent neurons and induces the micturition reflex. Although ATP is also released to the bladder lumen from the bladder urothelium, the role of ATP in the bladder lumen is unknown. Recently, clinical studies have reported that urinary ATP levels are much higher in patients with an overactive bladder than healthy controls. These results suggest that ATP in the bladder lumen is also involved in the micturition reflex. In this study, we performed intravesical ATP instillation in the mouse bladder. We evaluated urinary function with novel reliable methods using improved cystometry and ultrasonography, which we previously established. We found that intravesical ATP instillation induced urinary frequency because of activation of bladder afferent nerves without inflammatory changes in the bladder or an increase in post-void residual urine. These results suggest that not only ATP in the suburothelial layer, but also ATP in the bladder lumen, are involved in enhancement of the micturition reflex.