High-Frequency 4-Dimensional Ultrasound (4DUS): A Reliable Method for Assessing Murine Cardiac Function
Frederick W Damen, Alycia G Berman, Arvin H Soepriatna, Jessica M Ellis, Stephen D Buttars, Kristiina L Aasa, Craig J GoergenTomography2017
In vivo imaging has provided a unique framework for studying pathological progression in various mouse models of cardiac disease. Although conventional short-axis motion-mode (SAX MM) ultrasound and cine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are two of the most prevalent strategies used for quantifying cardiac function, there are few notable limitations including imprecision, inaccuracy, and geometric assumptions with ultrasound, or large and costly systems with substantial infrastructure requirements with MRI. Here we present an automated 4-dimensional ultrasound (4DUS) technique that provides comparable information to cine MRI through spatiotemporally synced imaging of cardiac motion. Cardiac function metrics derived from SAX MM, cine MRI, and 4DUS data show close agreement between cine MRI and 4DUS but overestimations by SAX MM. The inclusion of a mouse model of cardiac hypertrophy further highlights the precision of 4DUS compared with that of SAX MM, with narrower groupings of cardiac metrics based on health status. Our findings suggest that murine 4DUS can be used as a reliable, accurate, and cost-effective technique for longitudinal studies of cardiac function and disease progression.