Differential physiological role of BIN1 isoforms in skeletal muscle development, function and regeneration
Ivana Prokic, Belinda S. Cowling, Candice Kutchukian, Christine Kretz, Hichem Tasfaout, Vincent Gache, Josiane Hergueux, Olivia Wendling, Arnaud Ferry, Anne Toussaint, Christos Gavriilidis, Vasugi Nattarayan, Catherine Koch, Jeanne Lainé, Roy Combe, Laurent Tiret, Vincent Jacquemond, Fanny Pilot-Storck, Jocelyn LaporteDisease Models & Mechanisms2020
Skeletal muscle development and regeneration are tightly regulated processes. How the intracellular organization of muscle fibers is achieved during these steps is unclear. Here we focus on the cellular and physiological roles of amphiphysin 2 (BIN1), a membrane remodeling protein mutated in both congenital and adult centronuclear myopathies (CNM), that is ubiquitously expressed and has skeletal muscle-specific isoforms. We created and characterized constitutive, muscle-specific and inducible Bin1 homozygous and heterozygous knockout mice targeting either ubiquitous or muscle-specific isoforms. Constitutive Bin1 –deficient mice died at birth from lack of feeding due to a skeletal muscle defect. T-tubules and other organelles were misplaced and altered, supporting a general early role of BIN1 on intracellular organization in addition to membrane remodeling. Whereas restricted deletion of Bin1 in unchallenged adult muscles had no impact, the forced switch from the muscle-specific isoforms to the ubiquitous isoforms through deletion of the in-frame muscle–specific exon delayed muscle regeneration. Thus, BIN1 ubiquitous function is necessary for muscle development and function while its muscle-specific isoforms fine-tune muscle regeneration in adulthood, supporting that BIN1 centronuclear myopathy with congenital onset are due to developmental defects while later onset may be due to regeneration defects.