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Developmental changes in hemodynamics of uterine artery, utero- and umbilicoplacental, and vitelline circulations in mouse throughout gestation

Junwu Mu
AJP: Heart and Circulatory Physiology2006
In human pregnancy, abnormal placental hemodynamics likely contribute to the etiology of early-onset preeclampsia and fetal intrauterine growth restriction. The mouse is increasingly being deployed to study normal and abnormal mammalian placental development, yet the placental hemodynamics in normal pregnancy in mice is currently unknown. We used ultrasound biomicroscopy to noninvasively image and record Doppler blood velocity waveforms from the maternal and embryonic placental circulations in mice throughout gestation. In the uterine artery, peak systolic velocity (PSV) increased significantly from 23+/-2 (SE) to 59+/-3 cm/s, and end-diastolic velocity (EDV) increased from 7+/-1 to 28+/-2 cm/s in nonpregnant versus full-term females so that the uterine arterial resistance index (RI) decreased from 0.70+/-0.02 to 0.53+/-0.02. Velocities in the maternal arterial canal in the placenta were low and nearly steady and increased from 0.9+/-0.03 cm/s at embryonic day 10.5 (E10.5) to 2.4+/-0.07 cm/s at E18.5. PSV in the umbilical artery increased steadily from 0.8+/-0.1 cm/s at E8.5 to 15+/-0.6 cm/s at E18.5, whereas PSV in the vitelline artery increased from 0.6+/-0.1 cm/s at E8.5 to 4+/-0.2 cm/s at E13.5 and then remained stable to term. In the umbilical artery, the EDV detection rate was 0% at
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