Deterministic paracrine repair of injured myocardium using microfluidic-based cocooning of heart explant-derived cells
Pushpinder Kanda, Ainara Benavente-Babace, Sandrine Parent, Michie Connor, Nicholas Soucy, Alexander Steeves, Aizhu Lu, Nicholas David Cober, David Courtman, Fabio Variola, Emilio I Alarcon, Wenbin Liang, Duncan J Stewart, Michel Godin, Darryl R DavisBiomaterials2020
While encapsulation of cells within protective nanoporous gel cocoons increases cell retention and pro-survival integrin signaling, the influence of cocoon size and intra-capsular cell-cell interactions on therapeutic repair are unknown. Here, we employ a microfluidic platform to dissect the impact of cocoon size and intracapsular cell number on the regenerative potential of transplanted heart explant-derived cells. Deterministic increases in cocoon size boosted the proportion of multicellular aggregates within cocoons, reduced vascular clearance of transplanted cells and enhanced stimulation of endogenous repair. The latter being attributable to cell-cell sti- mulation of cytokine and extracellular vesicle production while also broadening of the miRNA cargo within extracellular vesicles. Thus, by tuning cocoon size and cell occupancy, the paracrine signature and retention of transplanted cells can be enhanced to promote paracrine stimulation of endogenous tissue repair. 1.