CCL7 contributes to angiotensin II-induced abdominal aortic aneurysm by promoting macrophage infiltration and pro-inflammatory phenotype

Cuiping Xie, Feiming Ye, Ning Zhang, Yuxue Huang, Yun Pan, Xiaojie Xie
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine2021
Chemokine C-C motif ligand 7 (CCL7), a member of CC chemokine subfamily, plays pivotal roles in numerous inflammatory diseases. Hyper-activation of inflammation is an important characteristic of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to determine the effect of CCL7 on AAA formation. CCL7 abundance in aortic tissue and macrophage infiltration were both increased in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced AAA mice. Ex vivo, CCL7 promoted macrophage polarization towards M1 phenotype. This effect was reversed by the blockage of CCR1, a receptor of CCL7. CCL7 up-regulated JAK2/STAT1 protein level in macrophage, and CCL7-induced M1 activation was suppressed by JAK2/STAT1 pathway inhibition. To verify the effect of CCL7 on AAA in vivo, either CCL7-neutralizing antibody (CCL7-nAb) or vehicles were intraperitoneally injected 24 hours prior to Ang II infusion and subsequently every three days for 4 weeks. CCL7-nAb administration significantly attenuated Ang II-induced luminal and external dilation as well as pathological remodelling. Immunostaining showed that CCL7-nAb administration significantly decreased aneurysmal macrophage infiltration. In conclusion, CCL7 contributed to Ang II-induced AAA by promoting M1 phenotype of macrophage through CCR1/JAK2/STAT1 signalling pathway.
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