Bisoprolol protects myocardium cells against ischemia/reperfusion injury by attenuating unfolded protein response in rats
Chengcheng Zhang, Songqing He, Yanming Li, Feng Li, Zhengbing Liu, Jing Liu, Jianbin GongScientific Reports2017
Bisoprolol (B) exerts potential cardioprotective effects against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Unfolded protein response (UPR) attenuates I/R injury induced apoptosis by reducing oxidative damage and inflammation response. The current study investigated whether the protective effects of bisoprolol resulted from modulating UPR and anti-inflammatory during myocardial I/R condition and elucidated its potential mechanisms. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with B in the absence or presence of the injected UPR activator dithiothreitol (DTT) and then subjected to myocardial I/R surgery. In vitro, cultured H9C2 cells were pretreated with B or DTT and then subjected to simulate ischemia reperfusion (SIR) operation. Bisoprolol conferred cardioprotective effects by improving postischemic cardiac function, decreasing infarct size, reducing apoptotic index, diminishing serum creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase levels, suppressing TNF-α and IL-6 secretion, inhibiting UPR signal pathways and downregulating caspase-12 and caspase-3 expressions. Consistently, B conferred similar antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects against SIR injury in cultured H9C2 cardiomyocytes. Pretreatment with DTT or C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) overexpression mediated by lentivirus administration both abolished these effects. In summary, our results demonstrate that Bisoprolol protects myocardium cells against ischemia/reperfusion injury partly by attenuating unfolded protein response.