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[ASAP] Gadolinium Metallofullerene-Polypyrrole Nanoparticles for Activatable Dual-Modal Imaging-Guided Photothermal Therapy

Sheng Wang, Zijian Zhou, Guocan Yu, Nan Lu, Yijing Liu, Yunlu Dai, Xiao Fu, Jing Wang, Xiaoyuan Chen
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces2018
Accurate diagnosis of tumor is promising to guide photothermal therapy (PTT) for efficacious tumor ablation with minimal damage to healthy tissues. Here, we report an activatable dual-modal imaging agent, which is based on PEGylated-gadolinium metallofullerene-polypyrrole nanoparticle (PEG-GMF-PPy NP) for imaging-guided PTT. A contrast agent (gadolinium metallofullerene, GMF) with excellent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performance and an ultra-pH-responsive polymer (PEG-PC7A) are successively modified to the surface of photothermal agent (PPy NP). The prepared PEG-GMF-PPy NPs show strong absorption in the near-infrared (NIR) region, so they can be utilized for photoacoustic imaging. Furthermore, in a tumor extracellular environment, the PEG-GMF-PPy NPs can achieve pH-enhanced MRI because of the hydrophobic-to-hydrophilic conversion of the PC7A. Upon accurate diagnosis-guided NIR laser irradiation, excellent tumor ablation effect is achieved. The results suggest that the PEG-GMF-PPy NPs are promising agents for activatable imaging-guided PTT.
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