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Aliskiren protects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury via an endothelial nitric oxide synthase dependent manner

Yu Chen, Guoliang Meng, Wenli Bai, Yan Ma, Liping Xie, Naila Altaf, Yanning Qian, Yi Han, Yong Ji
Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology2016
Aliskiren, a direct renin inhibitor, was shown potent ability to attenuate hypertension. Our previous research has found that aliskiren protected against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and enhanced phosphorylation of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. However, whether the cardioprotective effect of aliskiren against myocardial I/R injury was eNOS-dependent is unknown. In the present study, 12-week-old male eNOS knockout (eNOS-/- ) and wild-type C57BL/6J mice (WT) were orally administrated with the dose of 50 mg/kg/day of aliskiren. After 4-week treatment, aliskiren decreased blood pressure in eNOS-/- mice, and reduced renin-angiotension II levels in both eNOS-/- and WT mice. Aliskiren also improved left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS), decreased myocardial infarct size, reduced creatine kinase (CK) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in plasma, attenuated dihydroethidium (DHE) fluorescence and levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in myocardium, increased SOD and thioredoxin (Trx) proteins expression in WT mice subjected to 30 minutes of ischemia followed by reperfusion for 24 hours. However, aliskiren failed to restore all of the above indexes in eNOS-/- mice subjected to the same I/R injury. Our study indicated that aliskiren protected against myocardial I/R injury via an eNOS dependent manner.
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