Advanced evaluation of hidradenitis suppurativa with ultra‐high frequency ultrasound: A promising tool for the diagnosis and monitoring of disease progression
Teresa Oranges, Saverio Vitali, Bianca Benincasa, Rossana Izzetti, Riccardo Lencioni, Davide Caramella, Marco Romanelli, Valentina DiniSkin Research and Technology2019
Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. An ultrasound staging (SOS-HS) using frequencies from 7 to 18 MHz has been proposed to evaluate the severity of the disease. Materials and methods: We retrospectively evaluated the most significant lesions in 50 patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (32 females and 18 males, aged from 12 to 68 years old), who had undergone high-frequency ultrasound (HFUS) (18-22 MHz) and ultra-high frequency ultrasound (UHFUS) (48 and 70 MHz). A MyLab™ Touch system (Esaote) equipped with a 18-22 MHz linear probe was used for the HFUS, and a Vevo®MD (VisualSonics) was used for the UHFUS, equipped with two linear probes (70 and 48 MHz). Results: A total of 116 lesions were observed, of which 66 were fluid collections, 32 were tunnels, 6 pseudocysts, 5 bridge scars, 5 tombstone comedones, and 2 granulation tissues. Structures that had already been described with HFUS were then observed with UHFUS but with a better definition. In addition, structures that had not been detected by HFUS were also observed with UHFUS such as drop-shaped hair follicles, micro-tunnels, and microcysts. Conclusion: Ultra-high frequency ultrasound provides a better understanding of hidradenitis suppurativa. Patients can be monitored more effectively thereby preventing the most severe changes.