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Administration of ubiquitin-activating enzyme UBA1 inhibitor PYR-41 attenuates angiotensin II-induced cardiac remodeling in mice

Qing Shu, Song Lai, Xiao-Mei Wang, Yun-Long Zhang, Xiao-Lei Yang, Hai-Lian Bi, Hui-Hua Li
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications2018
Pathological cardiac hypertrophy is the main risk factor for heart diseases. The ubiquitin-proteasome system (UPS) is the major intracellular protein degradation system involved in the development of cardiac hypertrophic remodeling. Ubiquitin-activating enzyme E1, a key component of the UPS, catalyzes the first step in ubiquitin conjugation to mark cellular proteins for degradation via proteasome. However, the functional role of E1 (UBA1) in regulation of hypertrophic remodeling in angiotensin II (Ang II)-infused mice remains unknown. In this study, male wild-type mice were treated with UBA1 inhibitor PYR-41 at two doses of 5 and 10 mg and infused with Ang II (1000 ng/kg/min) for 14 days. Systolic blood pressure was detected by using tail-cuff system. Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography. Hypertrophic remodeling was analyzed examined by histological examinations. The expressions of genes and proteins were detected by quantitative real-time PCR and immunoblotting analysis. After 14 days, Ang II infusion significantly increased UBA1 expression at both mRNA and protein levels in the hearts. Furthermore, Ang II-infused mice showed a significant increase in systolic blood pressure compensatory cardiac function, hypertrophy, interstitial fibrosis, inflammation and oxidative stress compared with saline-treated controls, whereas these effects were dose-dependently attenuated in PYR-41-treated mice. These beneficial actions were associated mainly with inhibition of PTEN degradation and multiple downstream mediators (AKT, ERK1/2, STAT3, TGF-β/Smad2/3 and NF-kB(p65)). In conclusion, these results indicate that inhibition of UBA1 suppresses Ang II-induced hypertrophic remodeling, and suggest that administration of low dose PYR-41 may be a new potential therapeutic approach for treating hypertensive heart diseases.
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