1H NMR-based dynamic metabolomics delineates the therapeutic effects of Baoyuan decoction on isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy
Zhiyong Du, Ran Wen, Qian Liu, Jinlong Wang, Yingyuan Lu, Mingbo Zhao, Xiaoyu Guo, Pengfei Tu, Yong JiangJournal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis2019
Cardiac hypertrophy (CH) is a major risk factor for many serious heart diseases. Sustained CH is catastrophic, resulting in cardiac dysfunction that eventually leads to heart failure (HF). Baoyuan decoction (BYD) is a famous traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formula for supplementing and reinforcing Qi, clinically used for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, the therapeutic effects of BYD on CH remain unidentified. We herein investigated the effect of BYD on isoproterenol (ISO)-induced CH in rats and the underlying mechanisms by comprehensive pharmacodynamics and1H NMR-based dynamic metabolomics analysis of the plasma and urine samples. Results showed that BYD treatment markedly attenuated ISO-induced CH as evidenced by decreasing the left ventricular wall thickness, pathological cardiomyocyte hypertrophy, myocardial collagen fiber deposition and apoptosis, and plasma natriuretic peptide levels. Multivariate trajectory analysis revealed that the BYD treatment could restore the CH-disturbed plasma and urinary metabolite profiles towards the normal metabolic status featuring with a time-dependent tendency. Moreover, the key metabolic alterations in CH rats at different BYD-treated time stages involved energy metabolism, oxidative stress responses, amino acid metabolism, and gut microbiota metabolism. Of particularly, the significant roles of BYD for treating CH lie in the improvement of cardiac energy generation and antioxidant capacity. Our investigation provides a holistic view of BYD for therapeutic intervention of CH through monitoring of the dynamic metabolic changes and the results indicate that BYD may be applied as a potential agent for treating CH.